Symphysodon discus, commonly known as the discus fish, is a beautiful and popular species of freshwater fish native to the Amazon River basin in South America. Here's a description and some key characteristics of Symphysodon discus:

Discus fish are well-known for their striking appearance and disc-shaped bodies, which give them their common name. They have a laterally compressed body with a rounded shape, resembling a disc or saucer. Their dorsal and anal fins are elongated, and they have a single, continuous fin that runs along the entire body's length. Discus fish come in a variety of vibrant colors and intricate patterns, such as red, blue, green, brown, and yellow.

In their natural habitat, adult discus fish can reach a size of around 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) in diameter, although there can be some variation based on factors like genetics and environmental conditions.

Discus fish are generally peaceful and social creatures. They are known for their intelligence and can recognize their owners over time. However, they can be a bit shy and sensitive to changes in their environment, so it's essential to provide a calm and stable aquarium setting for them.

Water Requirements:
Discus fish require specific water conditions to thrive. They prefer soft, slightly acidic water with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5. The water temperature should be maintained between 82-86°F (28-30°C) to mimic their native Amazonian environment.

As omnivores, discus fish have a varied diet. In the wild, they primarily feed on small crustaceans, insects, and plant matter. In captivity, they can be fed high-quality pellets, flakes, and live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia.

Discus fish are known to be caring parents. Breeding them successfully can be challenging and requires specific conditions, including optimal water quality and the right tank setup. During breeding, both parents take an active role in guarding and caring for their fry.

Tank Setup:
Providing a spacious and well-maintained aquarium is essential for discus fish. They prefer a tank with plenty of hiding spots, plants, and driftwood to mimic their natural habitat. It's crucial to maintain good water quality and perform regular water changes to keep them healthy.

Tank Mates:
When selecting tankmates for discus fish, it's best to choose peaceful species that can tolerate similar water conditions. Avoid aggressive or nippy fish that may stress the discus.

Remember that discus fish can be more demanding to keep compared to other freshwater species, so proper research and attention to their needs are crucial to ensure their well-being.

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